If you’re a programmer, and you want to get paid more, it’s time to leap. Without any doubt, full-stack development is one of the most critical skills in the IT industry nowadays.
According to research by Upwork, the number of developers who specialize in full-stack web development has increased by 3x since 2012. The demand for this skill set is growing as there are hardly a few developers who can master more than one programming language necessary to build complex web applications. So when businesses realize this, they choose to collaborate with dedicated developers for the website development and maintenance process.
You know when the demand is high and supply is low, the charges will be at the top. So, if you’re interested in becoming a full-stack web developer, let me explain why this is such an exciting time for programmers everywhere to level up their skills and become full-stack web developers and how to do it.
Why become a full-stack web developer?
The first reason is that it’s one of the most exciting types of career choice out there, with a wide variety of opportunities for people who are willing to take risks and innovate.
The second reason is that you’ll have a lot more control over your working environment and schedule than you would if you chose only one aspect of the web development process or focused on one type of programming language.
The third reason is that full-stack development allows you to work with many different technologies, which can lead to better skills and higher salaries than those associated with just one area of specialization like front-end development or back-end programming.
Finally, since so much of what goes into creating a successful website nowadays involves software development in some way or another, becoming an expert in this field will help you land jobs as soon as possible—and earn more money in the process.
How to Become a Full-Stack Developer
Choose How You Want to Learn full-stack development
The very first thing you need to decide is to choose how you want to become a full-stack developer. There are multiple options for it. You can either do it by yourself or you can enroll in some kind of course and become a certified full-stack developer. Or, maybe you have an interest in computer science and want to learn to code, but would also like a better understanding of the business side of things.
You can get a degree in computer science or coding, but if you’re not sure where your interests lie, it can be hard to choose what direction full-stack development is going in. For example, if you’re looking to get into the field of web development, then you should consider learning from an instructor who specializes in front-end development and has experience teaching it.
However, if you’re interested in mastering all aspects of software development and have an interest in becoming a developer who can create applications for every platform that exists, then you might consider enrolling in a full-stack program that teaches everything from basic coding skills to advanced topics like mobile development or the design process.
Learn the Necessary Programming Languages
Front-end programming languages
- HTML5 is an open standard markup language. It is used to develop both apps and websites.
- CSS3 is used to style elements of HTML but it is a property attribute language.
Back-End Programming Languages
Programming languages that are used to process data and produce results are included in this segment. Back-end programming languages are mostly used in ERP systems and CRMs.
The most popular back-end programming languages include:
- Java: Java is the most widely used language for web-based applications, and it’s also popular for developing Windows desktop apps.
- C++: This general-purpose programming language is used by developers to create complex apps. C++ is often used to create cross-platform applications that run on a variety of operating systems and hardware architectures.
- PHP: PHP is an open-source scripting language that’s easy to learn and use, but it isn’t viewed as a particularly high-quality language by professional programmers because it lacks some of the features found in more popular languages such as C++ or Java.
Main Tech Stacks to Learn:
One of the main tech stacks used for web development is LAMP which is an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.
Linux is the operating system here that empowers your servers. Apache processes all the requests from users’ browsers. MySQL is a relational database management system that stores data in tables and rows and allows us to query it using SQL statements. PHP is used to develop dynamic web applications.
MERN Stack provides an opinionated, ready-to-use stack for building modern web applications and services.
MongoDB – A document-oriented database with flexible schemas and rich query language. MongoDB is built on the concept of collections and documents, allowing you to easily model your data using JSON structures.
Express – A web application framework that simplifies the development of dynamic websites or APIs. Express features multiple middleware layers, including body-parser, cors, and transparent session handling, which provide a baseline level of security and performance.
NodeJS – NodeJS powers the npm package manager which provides access to thousands of open-source libraries and tools for building applications in NodeJS.
The MEAN Stack consists of MongoDB, Express, and Angular.
- MongoDB is a NoSQL database system. It uses JSON as its native data format and has a very fast performance.
- Express is a node server framework that uses various front-end programming languages.
- The angular framework is used by developers to create single-page web apps.
- NodeJS is used to build fast and scalable web apps.
Full-stack web development doesn’t have to be a complicated endeavor, though it can certainly be as time-consuming and detail-oriented as you’d like. If you’re interested in wading into that deep end of the pool, though, make sure that you have a firm understanding of code and databases before diving in. It’s not enough to simply possess an eye for design and usability; while they might play a role in full-stack development, your primary responsibility is the back end.
Luckily, if you’re interested in becoming a full-stack developer but lack the skill sets to pull off this type of website design or programming project focused solely on the back end, there are plenty of resources online to help you get your feet wet. I recommend taking some time to read up on how all three areas — front-end, back-end, and database management — work together most effectively. Good luck!
Check out: 13 Most In-Demand Freelance Skills To Learn
Read more at: Technology Week Blog